Plastic surgery, the functional, structural, and aesthetic restoration of all manner of defects and deformities of the human body. The term plastic surgery stems from the Greek word plastikos, meaning “to mold” or “to form.” Modern plastic surgery has evolved along two broad themes: reconstruction of anatomic defects and aesthetic enhancement of normal form. The surgical principles of plastic surgery remain focused on preserving vascularity, replacing like tissue with like tissue, respecting anatomic zones, and fostering wound healing by minimizing tissue trauma. As a diverse surgical specialty, the discipline of plastic surgery not only interacts with other disciplines of medicine but also merges medical science with the art of physical restoration. It couples careful evaluation of defects with sophisticated arrangements of tissue to improve the uniformity and natural resemblance of repair. Innovative techniques used in plastic surgery are largely the result of the successful clinical application of advances in tissue engineering, nanotechnology, and gene therapy.


A tummy tuck can involve different combinations of techniques, all intended to help patients achieve a lean, toned midsection. The procedure almost always includes liposuction, tightening of underlying muscles, and removal of excess skin, all performed to various extents. With so many possible variations on a tummy tuck, it can be difficult to pin down an exact price one might expect to pay.
The woman wanting a lift is usually slightly different. She had breasts she was happy with before, she had loving kids who she may or may not have breastfed, exercised and had a good life. They come wanting to restore the youthful breast they once they had(or better), they hate that it is slightly more deflated than before and it's slightly more south then they'd like. The formal name of this operation is "Mastopexy" and that's why you hear terms like "Mastopexy augmentation" because often in order to restore the youthfulness of the breast you not only need to reposition the nipple/areolar complex "up" with a mastopexy, you also need to provide some additional volume with an implant, hence augmentation as well. The discussion with implant also is entirely different discussion all together, but this highlights the primary difference in the reduction and a lift.
Also referred to as a mastopexy, breast augmentation in conjunction with the lift. An augmentation can increase the total cost of the surgery because of additional surgical expertise required. Most augmentation surgeries also require the use of implants, which can add additional costs as well, especially depending on the type and style of implant chosen. Dr. Van Wyck can discuss the differences between your options during your consultation.
Silicone breast implants are the most commonly used and most frequently recommended breast implants in Michigan. The silicone gel used is engineered to be highly cohesiveness, so in the extreme case that the implant ruptures, it will not leak any harmful substances into the body. If the implant ruptures you will not notice a decrease in the volume of the breasts, so it is advisable to have an MRI periodically to detect breakage, even though it’s rare. In addition, the silicone gel promotes a much more natural appearance and a more natural feeling. 

Tip: Look for a board-certified plastic surgeon with plenty of experience performing breast surgery. The American Society of Plastic Surgeons[2] provides a free referral service. When you meet with a surgeon, discuss your expectations to find out whether they are realistic. Also discuss risks and disadvantages. One major disadvantage of the breast lift procedure is that it inevitably leaves scars, which can be red, bumpy and very noticeable. Also, the surgery can cause numbness, tingling and loss of sensation in the breasts and nipples, which usually, but not always, disappear over time.


There are normally few complications from breast lift surgery. However, some of the possible complications include bleeding, infection and reactions to anesthesia. The breasts may not be exactly the same or nipple height may vary after surgery. Several days after surgery you will be able to move about comfortably. You may be instructed to wear a support bra for a few weeks, until the swelling and discoloration of your breasts diminishes. Incisions will be red at first and normally stay this way for several months following surgery. After breast lift or reduction surgery, it is usually possible to return to non physical activities within 1-2 weeks.
A tummy tuck procedure is appropriate for most healthy men and women who want to improve their abdominal contours through surgery at our practice. Unlike liposuction, a tummy tuck can address loose folds of skin, fat deposits, stretch marks, and even abdominal muscles that have been stretched or weakened, leading to a protruding abdomen. Abdominoplasty is popular in combination with body contouring procedures after weight loss as well as in conjunction with breast lift surgery.
Bringing a partner or trusted friend or family member to this appointment can often be a good idea.  They can ask questions they have and having another person to recall the answers can be invaluable, especially when you are under anesthetics and drugs the day of.  It can also be helpful to have the support person who will be helping care for you post-surgery come with you, so everyone knows what to expect.  At this appointment, you’ll get instructions about the schedule of your procedure, medications you should and shouldn’t take, and your eating and drinking restrictions just before surgery.  Be sure to talk to your doctor about anxiety you might have about the procedure for suggestions about how to manage your fears.
For patients undergoing a standard or a more extensive tummy tuck, recovery is usually longer. Both of these more invasive options require the placement of drainage tubes and weeks of limited activity. While patients who work an office job can usually return after two to three weeks, those with more physically demanding jobs may need up to four to six weeks to recover fully. 
Congenital and traumatic defects of the head and neck region fall under the scope of plastic surgery. Cleft lip and cleft palate deformities, premature fusion of skull elements, and persistent clefts in the facial skeleton require complex soft tissue and bone rearrangement. The introduction of internal fixation systems that use screws and plates has greatly facilitated congenital reconstructions as well as correction of traumatic fractures. Novel permutations of these fixation devices have been developed; for example, distraction osteogenesis is a technique used to induce bone growth from hypoplastic (incompletely developed) bone by traction exerted by moveable plate systems. Biomaterials, such as absorbable plate systems and bone cements, are being improved continually and are often used in pediatric craniofacial surgery.
A tummy tuck is best for patients who need a large degree of correction, and for whom another procedure like liposuction won’t be enough to achieve the desired results. People pursue tummy tucks for a variety of reasons, but they all come down to a couple of important factors—you’re physically uncomfortable with your belly, and you’re unhappy with your appearance.
Saline implants are composed of a plastic shell filled with sterile water and salt, medically known as saline. Saline implants are the oldest types of breast implants, and although they are outdated, some women still prefer them. Saline implants can deflate over time, increasing the possibility of complications such as undulations and bends, and the implant rupturing. In the extreme case of a rupture, the salt water filling is absorbed by the body without causing any harm, although obviously the volume loss will be noticed gradually and need to be treated.
While a surgeon's credentials and reputation can certainly be a great indication that your surgery will provide satisfying results, it is not a guarantee. Surgery is never 100 percent predictable in its outcomes. I and most surgeons I know, as experienced as we are, cannot actually guarantee what we do. I stand behind what I do, and that's my best warranty. If there are some problems with unfavorable scarring or contour problems, you should expect some further expenses involved in revising your results, but they should be small compared to the cost of your original surgery.
The ‘gummy bear’ implant comes in both round and teardrop shapes. They have a firmer gel, which may give a better shape and may last longer. The round gummy bear implant is often a good choice for women with looser tissues and who want a more durable implant that remains soft. The teardrop shaped gummy bear implant may be a good choice for women whose tissues are relatively tight and desire a very proportionate and natural looking enhancement with less fullness of the upper portion of the breast and more projection and fullness of the lower portion of the breast.

A breast lift usually costs between $3,500 and $6,000, including an anesthesia fee of $1,000 to $1,500, a hospital fee of $500 to $1,500 and a surgeon's fee. The breast lift cost also will vary from patient to patient, and a lift on smaller breasts, which usually require fewer incisions, will be slightly less expensive. For that reason, a doctor will need an in-office consultation to provide an accurate quote.
Dr. Cohen specializes in breast lifts, augmentations, revisions and reductions as well as breast cancer reconstructions. A long time dream of Dr. Cohen’s was to travel to developing countries and provide expert surgical care to those who have no other possible access to medical care. This became a reality in 2007 when she became a founding member and Vice President of ISMS Operation Kids.
Round breast implants, as the name implies, have a rounded shape to them. In America and in Europe, round implants are the most frequently used shape, although teardrop implants have been increasing in popularity and may soon be just as popular as round implants. Round implants can be both smooth or textured, while teardrop implants are only available in textured. This is because textured surfaces prevent rotation, and rotation of a teardrop implant would cause a noticeable deformity in the breasts.
There are normally few complications from breast lift surgery. However, some of the possible complications include bleeding, infection and reactions to anesthesia. The breasts may not be exactly the same or nipple height may vary after surgery. Several days after surgery you will be able to move about comfortably. You may be instructed to wear a support bra for a few weeks, until the swelling and discoloration of your breasts diminishes. Incisions will be red at first and normally stay this way for several months following surgery. After breast lift or reduction surgery, it is usually possible to return to non physical activities within 1-2 weeks.
It is certainly possible to lift a breast without changing the volume or removing any tissue, however, the breast will sometimes appear smaller after this procedure due to its position. It is also possible to reduce breast volume without lifting the tissue (usually via liposuction) but all reductions that are performed by making incisions will also include a lift.
Textured implants are known to decrease the incidence of a rare but documented complication where a capsular contracture occurs around the breast implant, resulting in moderate pain, breast sensitivity, hardening, wrinkles, deformations, and displacement of the breasts. The roughness of the breast Implant prevents the formation of fibrous tissue that causes encapsulation. In addition, this rough surface allows it to adhere better to the tissues, decreasing the possibility of displacement.

If you're considering plastic surgery, talk it over with your parents. If you're serious and your parents agree, the next step is meeting with a plastic surgeon to help you learn what to expect before, during, and after the procedure — as well as any possible complications or downsides to the surgery. Depending on the procedure, you may feel some pain as you recover, and temporary swelling or bruising can make you look less like yourself for a while.
You will be given a compression garment to wear during your recovery to encourage healing and reduce swelling. Detailed post-operative instructions will also be provided to explain how to properly monitor and empty your surgical drains, as well as how to change your bandages. Showering should be avoided for the first two to three days especially when a drain has been used.
There are normally few complications from breast lift surgery. However, some of the possible complications include bleeding, infection and reactions to anesthesia. The breasts may not be exactly the same or nipple height may vary after surgery. Several days after surgery you will be able to move about comfortably. You may be instructed to wear a support bra for a few weeks, until the swelling and discoloration of your breasts diminishes. Incisions will be red at first and normally stay this way for several months following surgery. After breast lift or reduction surgery, it is usually possible to return to non physical activities within 1-2 weeks.

A tummy tuck procedure is appropriate for most healthy men and women who want to improve their abdominal contours through surgery at our practice. Unlike liposuction, a tummy tuck can address loose folds of skin, fat deposits, stretch marks, and even abdominal muscles that have been stretched or weakened, leading to a protruding abdomen. Abdominoplasty is popular in combination with body contouring procedures after weight loss as well as in conjunction with breast lift surgery.
Most teens don't, of course. But some do. Interestingly, the American Society of Plastic Surgeons (ASPS) reports a difference in the reasons teens give for having plastic surgery and the reasons adults do: Teens view plastic surgery as a way to fit in and look acceptable to friends and peers. Adults, on the other hand, frequently see plastic surgery as a way to stand out from the crowd.
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